Charlotte Leis

December 8, 2017

No Speed Limits?

Drivers want to go as fast as they please, but speed limits (theoretically) restrict that ability. People regularly ignore the speed limit, instead going as fast as they believe they can without crashing. Often, they are not at fault when they succumb to the desire to speed – traffic engineers often design roads to be safe at much higher speeds than are posted.

Some argue that AVs will be better at sensing and following the design speed, making the posted speed less important. AVs have trouble reading ordinary street signs, so having them rely on the design speed might be a good thing. Design speeds are supposed to be equal to or higher than posted speeds, so allowing AVs to rely on those might increase highways speeds, but not by much as the AASHTO book recommends design speeds around 70 mph, rather than the 65 mph that are often posted.

Signs that confused AVs; the middle sign looked like a speed limit

AV manufacturers are already starting to design against the speed limit. Tesla argues that allowing AVs to drive faster than the speed limit to keep up with traffic is safer for everyone. Google’s Eric Schmit agrees, saying that the “biggest problem” about AVs is that they follow the speed limit. Brad Templeton makes a somewhat detailed argument for why he believes AV operators should be able to set the car to any speed, not limited by the one posted.

I’m open to the idea of removing speed limits on freeways, but many of these proponents don’t make a distinction between speed limits on the highway and on multi-modal streets. If speed limits are going to be removed on highways, I think a fair deal would be to reduce speed limits on multi-modal streets. Having lower speed limits (think 10-15mph) on city streets would allow all users (pedestrians, bikes, buses, cars) to enjoy the space. Having no (or higher) speed limits on highways would also allow all users (cars, sometimes buses) to enjoy the space. When arguing against a speed limit for AVs, the details are essential. It is one thing to have no speed limit when just cars are around, but very different to have no speed limit when cars are sharing the space with other users.

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jan/16/tesla-allows-self-driving-cars-to-break-speed-limit-again http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2012/07/13/eric_schmidt_on_self_driving_cars_biggest_problem_they_obey_speed_limits.html http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2013/10/robocars_do_they_need_speed_limits.html https://globalnews.ca/news/3654164/altered-stop-signs-fool-self-driving_cars/ https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/geometric/pubs/mitigationstrategies/chapter3/3_designspeed.cfm
Charlotte Leis
2019
Urban Studies